2001 World Conference Against Racism


The World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance
 

In 1997, the General Assembly decided, in resolution 52/111, to hold the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination,Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. The World Conference which was held in Durban, South Africa from 31 August to 7 September 2001, was a landmark in the struggle to improve the lives of millions of human beings around the world who are victims of racial discrimination and intolerance. 

 

The Durban Declaration and Programme of Action 

Adopted by consensus at the 2001 World Conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa, the Durban Declaration and Programmme of Action (DDPA) is a comprehensive, action-oriented document that proposes concrete measures to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. It is holistic in its vision, addresses a wide range of issues, and contains far-reaching recommendations and practical measures.

The DDPA embodies the firm commitment of the international community to tackle racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance at the national, regional and international level. Recognition that no country can claim to be free of racism, that racism is a global concern, and that tackling it should be a universal effort, is an important achievement. Although the DDPA is not legally binding, it has a strong moral value and serves as a basis for advocacy efforts worldwide.


DDPA Follow-up mechanisms 

The DDPA established the following mechanisms to follow up on the implementation of the Declaration and Programme.


1. The Intergovernmental Working Group on the effective implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action

The Intergovernmental Working Group on the Effective Implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action is one of the three mechanisms established to follow up the Declaration and Programme of Action of the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, held in Durban, South Africa, in 2001. The Intergovernmental Working Group was established by Commission on Human Rights resolution 2002/68 and approved by the Economic and Social Council in its decision 2002/270 of 25 July 2002.

Its mandate, as spelled out in operative paragraph 7 of the Commission resolution 2002/68 is to:

(a) Make recommendations with a view to the effective implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action;  

The Intergovernmental Working Group is an open-ended working group, meaning that all United Nations Member and Observer States, inter-governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations with ECOSOC consultative status and non-governmental organizations that were accredited for the World Conference against Racism may attend public meetings of the Working Group.

Further information visit the OHCHR Webpage

 

2. The Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent  

The World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance held in Durban in 2001, adopted the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action. Paragraph 7 of the Durban Programme of Action specifically "requests the Commission on Human Rights to consider establishing a working group or other mechanism of the United Nations to study the problems of racial discrimination faced by people of African descent living in the African Diaspora and make proposals for the elimination of racial discrimination against people of African descent". 

The Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent was established in 2002 by the Commission on Human Rights resolution 2002/68 (as a Special Procedure). The mandate was subsequently renewed by the Commission on Human Rights and the Human Rights Council in its resolutions (CHR 2003/302008/HRC/RES/9/14,2011/HRC/RES/18/28, 2014/HRC/RES/27/25).

Further information visit the OHCHR Webpage

 

3. The Independent Eminent Experts’ Group 

The Durban Programme of Action requests "the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in follow-up to the Conference, to cooperate with five independent eminent experts, one from each region, appointed by the Secretary-General from among candidates proposed by the Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights, after consultation with the regional groups, to follow the implementation of the provisions of the Declaration and Programme of Action." (para. 191(b))

Pursuant to this recommendation, General Assembly resolution 56/266 of 27 March 2002:

[ r ] equests the Secretary-General, in accordance with the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action, to appoint five independent eminent experts, one from each region, from among candidates proposed by the Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights, after consultation with the regional groups, to follow the implementation of the provisions of the Declaration and Programme of Action.

Further information visit the OHCHR Webpage