Human Rights and Disability: A Manual for National Human Rights Institutions
Published by the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions
March 2017 - This Manual is designed to provide practical guidance for national human rights institutions (NHRIs) that are actively working to advance the human rights of persons with disabilities, as well as those NHRIs that are seeking to strengthen their efforts in this area.
Because of their unique role and position, NHRIs can be key agents to bring about positive change in their countries for persons with disabilities. Through their work, NHRIs help ‘translate’ the majestic generalities of international law into a practical agenda for reform at home, where it matters most.
This Manual provides practical guidance and recommendations about how the role and functions of NHRIs can be directed to provide better protection for persons with disabilities, to promote greater awareness and respect for their rights, and to monitor the progress made and obstacles encountered in advancing their rights.
Monitoring guide for African NHRIs in respect of Article 33 of the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN-CRPD)
July 2015 - Under the Sida funded Regional Africa Programme, the Raoul WallenbergInstitute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI) and the Networkof African National Human Rights Institutions Secretariat (NANHRI) are working in close partnership to enhance the role of African NHRIs in the protection and promotion of human rights in the national and regional setting, including in promoting strategies and good practices related to peace and conflict.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) was adopted in 2006 and entered into force in 2008. NHRIs, as part of their mandates, have an important role in monitoring the implementation of the CRPD. To this end, NANHRI commissioned the development of a Monitoring guide to assist Africa’s NHRIs as they monitor implementation of the CRPD. The guide sets out some of the process and questions which monitors should take into account as they monitor implementation of the CRPD.
In August 2014, a workshop in Kampala, Uganda, was organised to increase the knowledge of the CRPD, exchange information regarding the practical implementation of the CRPD in relation to the NHRIs and strengthen the monitoring capacities of NHRIs. The workshop was attended by 16 persons from the NHRIs of Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia and was hosted by the Ugandan Human Rights Commission. Following from this workshop, some NHRIs already initiated work to this end. For example, Zambia developed a tool which targets detention facilities and how the country complies with the CRPD in this area.
In order to finalise the guide and make it a useful and practical tool for NHRIs, NANHRI and RWI are during 2015 carrying this work forward through a testing phase, followed by a validation meeting, and finally a finalization of the document. The idea is that each NHRI can adapt the guide and use it for their situation. The guide will also be circulated to a select number of disabled peoples’ organisations.
Currently, feedback on how staff are using the tool; which sections they are using; if the examples are relevant; can it be more user-friendly; moving forward in implementing the tool etc. is collected from NHRIs by NANHRI. The NHRIs are encouraged to consult persons with disabilities and relevant organisations to look at the tool from their perspective as well.
A meeting to discuss the testing experience and provide final input is planned for September 2015 and would have approx. 15 participants from selected African NHRIs and disabled people’s organisations.
The final document is envisioned to be disseminated towards the end of 2015.
For more information, contact Mr. Gilbert Sebihogo (email@example.com), Executive Director NANHRI; Mr. Martin Ogango (firstname.lastname@example.org), Programme Officer, NANHRI; or Madelene Eichhorn (Madelene.Eichhorn@rwi.lu.se), Programme Officer, RWI - Briefing Note