National Human Rights Institutions and their work on migrants’ human rights.
Results of a survey among NHRIs
This analysis is based on a survey of NHRIs worldwide conducted in the summer of 2018. It aims to further the implementation
of the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) by
NHRIs. Of the (then) 110 NHRIs worldwide accredited as being in full or
partial compliance with the UN Paris Principles, almost a third
participated. Main results are that a) migrant rights are
well-established on NHRIs’ agendas, b) NHRIs are an effective link
between the national and the international level as well as between the
individual and the structural level of human rights protection, c) most
NHRIs believe that the effectiveness of their work on migrants’ rights
could be increased, particularly through exchange and joint work, d)
across all regions, NHRIs’ work on implementation of migrants’ human
rights is being hampered by increased anti-immigrant sentiment, together
with public policies that frame migrants as security risks and by
restrictions on admission to the country placed by governments. The
analysis concludes by recommending increased collaboration among NHRIs,
especially in cross-regional contexts, that they be supported in their
interactions with regional and global organisations working on migrants’
rights and be recognized and included by them, in their monitoring and
accountability roles, when setting up programmes.
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Global Principles for the Capacity Assessment of National Human Rights institutions
National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) are central to strong national systems for protection and promotion of human rights. These institutions, operating in a variety of contexts, can be instrumental in supporting democratic governance, preventing human rights violations and the escalation of conflicts, strengthening the rule of law and advancing the rights of the most marginalized and vulnerable groups. To play these demanding roles effectively, NHRIs require solid capacities to safeguard their independence and resilience to possible changes in governance infrastructures or political changes.
The Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) have developed a dedicated partnership to support NHRIs, including assessing and strengthening the capacity of these institutions.
Eight Global Principles for capacity assessments of NHRIs have been identified on the basis of considerable experience and good practices developed over the years. These principles encompass compliance with human rights norms and standards, highlighting the values that underpin effective practices. The Global Principles and the wealth of analysis contained in this volume guide and strengthen capacity assessments and development of NHRIs across the world.