National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) have been recognized at the international level as actors for the promotion and protection of human rights since 1946, when the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) promoted the establishment of “local human rights committees within their respective countries to collaborate with them in furthering the work of the Commission on Human Rights”.
After that, in 1960, the ECOSOC recognized the “distinctive role that national institutions could play in the protection and promotion of human rights” and “invited government to encourage the formation and continuation” of NHRIs. National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) have been recognized at the international level as actors for the promotion and protection of human rights since 1946, when the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) promoted the establishment of “local human rights committees within their respective countries to collaborate with them in furthering the work of the Commission on Human Rights”Throughout the next three decades the United Nations and some of its affiliated organizations (particularly the Commission on Human Rights and the ECOSOC) prepared a series of reports on the feasibility of national institutions as instruments for protection and promotion of human rights. These reports culminated in the UN International Workshop on National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, held in Paris in 1991. The workshop led to the drafting of guiding principles - popularly known as the “Paris Principles” - that were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 48/134 of 20 December 1993.
Since then, the UN General Assembly has adopted numerous resolutions calling for the strengthening of NHRIs and Ombudsmen Offices.
Between 13 and 17 December 1993, NHRIs met in Tunis for their second international workshop and decided to add to their agenda item n.7 a point titled “proposed international committee to coordinate the activities of national institutions”.
That marked the establishment of what now we call the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) and therefore 2018 is the year of our 25th birthday!
25 years later, we can look back with pride, and forward with determination.
Along with the Universal Declaration for Human Rights and the core international human rights treaties, the Paris Principles constitute the international framework for guiding, and protecting, the work of NHRIs along the pathway to a world where more people can enjoy freedom from want and fear, as envisaged by the Declaration.
Since the General Assembly endorsed the Paris Principles, the number of NHRIs has increased more than fivefold, from less than 20 to more than 100 today across all regions, of which around 70% are recognised as fully compliant with the Paris Principles.
Globally and regionally, NHRIs are today supported by vibrant networks - GANHRI and regional networks – and by our key partners, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the United Nations Development Programme. Working together, we are able to identify collectively what living up to the Paris Principles really means; about how to be more effective; to share experiences and expertise; to protect one another; and to participate in debates and discussions about making human rights and responsibilities a reality.
The 25th anniversary in 2018 of the adoption of the Paris Principles by the General Assembly and the creation of GANHRI will be an opportunity to celebrate achievements, to reflect on the impact of our contributions as NHRIs on realising human rights on the ground, and on the challenges and opportunities ahead.
With this spirit in mind, we invite each one of you to join the year-long celebrations that GANHRI will roll out in 2018!
Download our GANHRI 25th Anniversary Logo -Poster - Roll Up - Postcards_ENG Postcards_FRE.pdf Postcards_ESP.pdf Postcards_ARA.pdf
GANHRI 25th Anniversary logo and postcards design was possible thanks to the assistance of UNV Volunteers Deborah Summers (logo) & kwai (Oscar Takahashi Sato) (postcards)
In the photo: UDHR70 Ambassadors celebrating the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 25th Anniversary of the establishment of GANHRI and of the endorsement of the Paris Principles by the UN. GANHRI 2018, February 22nd, Palais Des Nations, Geneva.