GANHRI ANNUAL CONFERENCE
Ensuring human rights-based and gender-responsive
implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact for Migration: The
role of National Human Rights Institutions
Wednesday, 6 March 2019
10 to 18 hours, Room XVIII, Palais des Nations,
On 10 December 2018, the
international community adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and
Regular Migration (Global Compact), in Marrakech, Morocco. The Global Compact
on Migration is a political agreement for improved migration governance at the
global, regional and national level, and shared principles to develop migration
policies that assure the respect of human rights.
The Global Compact presents
a historic opportunity to ensure human rights-based and gender-responsive
migration governance. However, the success of the Global Compact will depend on
how it is implemented and monitored, and the extent to which it makes a positive difference in
the lives of migrants and the populations in their countries of origin,
transit, and destination.
Whilst the Global
Compact was negotiated and adopted by States, there is a clear commitment to
implement, follow-up and review the Global Compact in cooperation and
partnership with all relevant stakeholders. National human rights institutions
(NHRIs) have an essential role, as recognised in the Global Compact.
institutions with a broad human rights mandate and functions in line with the
United Nations Paris Principles, NHRIs have been and can make significant
contributions to furthering the human rights-based
and gender-responsive implementation of the Global Compact, and have a
particular role to play in following-up and reviewing progress towards the
Global Compact’s objectives.
NHRIs play unique
bridging roles – between international, regional and national spheres; between
different government institutions; between government, civil society and
rights-holders; across a range of human rights and their State’s corresponding
international obligations and commitments.
This bridging role
positions them particularly well to help implement, follow-up and review the
Compact’s set of cross-cutting and interdependent guiding principles, including
and in particular the principles of people-centred, human rights-based,
gender-responsive, child-sensitive, whole-of-government and whole-of-society,
ensuring that implementation respects the rule of law and is rooted in the 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development. They also have a key role in educating and
training on the human rights dimension of the Global Compact. Cooperating with
other NHRIs, and working collectively through their regional networks and
GANHRI, NHRIs are also well placed to address the cross-border nature of
In line with the
Paris Principles, NHRIs are vested with a broad set of functions and powers
which generally include research; legal and policy advice; education and
promotion; monitoring; investigating; handling complaints; cooperating with
other national, regional and international organisations; and interacting with
Each of these functions can be leveraged to make distinctive and valuable
contributions to the 23 objectives laid out in the Global Compact for Migration,
at all stages of implementation, follow-up and review, including in the development
of national implementation plans; monitoring of progress; and follow-up and
review, at national, regional and global levels.
Specifically, NHRI contributions may include:
contexts and institutional capacities vary widely, the Global Compact will be
of critical relevance to the work and mandates of NHRIs all over the world. A
number of concrete examples – across all regions – is illustrative of the kind
of contributions that NHRIs can, and already do make, to promote human
rights-based approaches to migration. Many NHRIs, however, also face obstacles
and challenges, including narrowly drawn mandates, constraints on their
independence, and lack of capacities. In addition, States often lack
responsiveness to NHRIs’ advice, and across regions public xenophobic
narratives are widespread.
importance of the Global Compact process as well as previous and ongoing
engagement by individual NHRIs relating to migration, GANHRI established a Task
Force on the Global Compact to coordinate the participation and contribution of
NHRIs – both in their individual capacity and collectively through their
regional networks and GANHRI - during the development of the Global Compact. It
is therefore imperative that NHRIs, together with other stakeholders, act with
speed to map out specific strategies and actions post adoption of the Global
The Annual Conference
will bring together participants from NHRIs from all regions, and their
partners from the UN and civil society, as well as Member States, to consider
the role and contributions of NHRIs towards ensuring human rights-based and
gender-responsive implementation, follow-up and review of the Global Compact.
NHRIs and other
stakeholders will have an opportunity to highlight initiatives already in
place, as well as identify challenges, and identify actions, partnerships and
innovative ideas they foresee as means of promoting gender-responsive implementation,
follow-up and review of the Global Compact in a way that respects, protects and
fulfils the human rights of all migrants and contributes to the empowerment of
women and girls.
also have an opportunity to identify opportunities for cooperation as well as
to discuss how the Global Compact architecture – including the International
Migration Review Forum, Capacity-Building Mechanism (CBM) and UN Network on
Migration – can help to strengthen NHRIs’ (including their global and regional
networks’) capacity, mandate, independence, and overall contributions to
migration and migration governance.
The Annual Conference
will focus specifically on the roles of NHRIs in relation to:
The Annual Conference
will conclude with a Statement, which will be developed and adopted by
participating NHRIs through a consultative process.
The Statement will serve as guidance for NHRIs’ future contributions towards
ensuring human rights-based and gender-responsive implementation of the Global
Compact, in line with their mandates and functions under the Paris Principles.
Concept note: EN FR SPA AR
The Annual Conference will be interpreted into
the four GANHRI languages Arabic, English, French and Spanish.
For further information please visit www.ganhri.org or
contact the GANHRI Geneva Representative Katharina Rose (firstname.lastname@example.org).
 Some objectives are particularly relevant to the remit of NHRIs,
including: collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as
a basis for evidence-based policies (objective 1); minimize the adverse drivers
and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
(objective 2); providing accurate and timely
information at all stages of migration (objective 3); (5)
Enhancing availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration, in in calling for
strengthened protection mechanisms for migrants in vulnerable situations,
whether on humanitarian or other (e.g. human rights) grounds (objective
5); addressing and reducing vulnerabilities in migration
(objective 7); use migration detention only as a measure of last
resort and work towards alternatives (objective 13); provide
access to basic services for migrants (objective 15); empower migrants and
societies to realise full inclusion and social cohesion (objective 16);
eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public
discourse to shape perceptions on migration (objective 17); cooperate
in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as
sustainable reintegration (objective 21); and
strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly
and regular migration (objective 23).