GANHRI Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA)
 
In line with its key mission to support the establishment and strengthening of NHRIs, the GANHRI through its Sub Committee on Accreditation (SCA) reviews and accredits national human rights institutions in compliance with Paris Principles.
 
The GANHRI may also assist those NHRIs under threat and encourage NHRI statutory legislations' reforms and the provision of technical assistance, such as education and training opportunities, to strengthen the status and capacities of NHRIs.
 
The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is a permanent observer on the SCA and serves as the secretariat to the GANHRI and its SCA.
 
The GANHRI accreditation system has evolved and been strengthened over the past years, guided by the principles of transparency, rigor and independence. Measures that the GANHRI adopted improve to the process include: a system by which NHRIs are reviewed on a periodic basis of 5 years; an appeal process for NHRIs to ensure greater transparency and due process; a more rigorous review of each application; more focused recommendations; and wider distribution and greater knowledge of SCA recommendations by NHRIs and other stakeholders, so that they can follow up in-country and contribute to the accreditation process.
 
The SCA also develops General Obse​rvations​ on interpretative issues regarding the Paris Principles. They are intended to constitute guidance for NHRIs on accreditation and on the implementation of the Paris Principles. They are also useful for NHRIs to press for the institutional changes necessary to fully comply with the Paris Principles. 
 
Accreditation confers international recognition, and protection, of the NHRI and its compliance with the Paris Principles. A status accreditation also grants participation in the work and decision-making of the GANHRI, as well as the work of the Human Rights Council and other UN mechanisms.
 
As of May 2019, 123 NHRIs were accredited by the GANHRI
 
 - (A status) -  79 as being in full compliance with the Paris Principles 
 - (B status)  - 34 as being not fully in compliance with the Paris Principles
 - (C status)  - 10 as being non-compliance with the Paris Principles
 
Download Status Accreditation Chart of NHRIs​

The General Assembly and the Human Rights Council, in their resolutions relating to national human rights institutions,[1] encouraged NHRIs to seek accreditation status through the GANHRI and noted with satisfaction the strengthening of the accreditation process and the continued assistance of OHCHR in this regard.
 
Likewise, UN human rights mechanisms including the Universal Periodic Review, Treaty Bodies and the Special Procedures increasingly refer to the Paris Principles and the GANHRI accreditation process, to encourage the establishment and strengthening of fully Paris Principles-compliant NHRIs worldwide.
 
Accreditation takes place under the rules of procedure of the GANHRI’s Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA). The SCA comprises one ‘A’ status institution from each of the four GANHRI regional groupings: Africa (Conseil national des droits de l’homme of Morocco), Americas (Canadian Human Rights Commission), Asia and the Pacific ( Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines), Europe (Commission nationale consultative des droits de l'homme of France). Its members are appointed by regional groupings for a renewable term of three years.
 
 
Paris Principles
 
The United Nations Paris Principles provide the international benchmarks against which national human rights institutions (NHRIs) can be accredited by the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI). Please find the Paris Principles here: Paris Principles_ENG.docx
 
Adopted in 1993 by the United Nations General Assembly, the Paris Principles require NHRIs to:
  • Protect human rights, including by receiving, investigating and resolving complaints, mediating conflicts and monitoring activities; and
  • Promote human rights, through education, outreach, the media, publications, training and capacity building, as well as advising and assisting the Government.
 
The Paris Principles set out six main criteria that NHRIs are required to meet:
  • Mandate and competence: a broad mandate, based on universal human rights norms and standards;
  • Autonomy from Government;
  • Independence guaranteed by statute or Constitution;
  • Pluralism;
  • Adequate resources; and
  • Adequate powers of investigation.
 
Levels of accreditation
 
There are currently two levels of accreditation:
   “A” Fully compliant with the Paris Principles
   “B” Partially compliant with the Paris Principles
   
“A” status institutions demonstrate compliance with the Paris Principles. They can participate fully in the international and regional work and meetings of national institutions, as voting members, and they can hold office in the Bureau of the International Coordinating Committee or any sub-committee the Bureau establishes. They are also able to participate in sessions of the Human Rights Council and take the floor under any agenda item, submit documentation and take up separate seating.
 
“B” status institutions may participate as observers in the international and regional work and meetings of the national human rights institutions. They cannot vote or hold office with the Bureau or its sub-committees. They are not given NHRIs badges, nor may they take the floor under agenda items and submit documentation to the Human Rights Council.
 

*A(R):   This category (accreditation with reserve) was granted where insufficient documentation was submitted to confer 'A' status; is no longer in use by the GANHRI. It is maintained only for those NHRIs which were accredited with this status before April 2008.

*C:        This category (non-member & non-compliant with the Paris Principles) was granted where the Institution was deemed to not be in compliance with the Paris Principles; it is no longer in use by GANHRI. It is maintained only for institutions that were accredited with this status before October 2007.


​​​​